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Ch 5 operant conditioning and observational learning

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What is Thorndike’s ” law of effect?: Rewarded behavior tends to be repeatedWhat is the operant chamber? Who invented it? Experiments with rats that rewarded them for certain tasks. Created by BF Skinner ” Skinner Box” ONCH 5 OPERANT CONDITIONING AND OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING SPECIFICALLY FOR YOUFOR ONLY$13. 90/PAGEOrder NowWhat is shaping? Reinforcers guide behavior to the desired goal through repetition (i. e. using treats to train a seal)What’s the difference between reinforcers and punishments? Reinforcers: strengthen behavior
Punishment: decreases behaviorWhat’s the difference between positive and negative reinforcers? Positive: ADDs a desirable stimulus (treat)
Negative: REMOVES a bad stimulus (seatbelt)What’s the difference between immediate and delayed reinforcers? Immediate: occurs right after the behavior
Delayed: delayed (paychecks)
We like instant gratification moreContinuous reinforcementReinforces response every time it occurs. FAST learning, FAST extinction
Partial: Partial ReinforcementReinforces response only part of the time. SLOWER learning, SLOWER extinctionPositive punishmentAdminister an adverse stimulus (spanking)Negative punishmentWithdraw a desirable stimulus (grounding)What are some risks of spanking? Fear
Pain justification
Unwanted behavior
AggressionWhat is observational learning? Modeling other’s behaviors (social learning theory)What increases the likelihood of modeling? Rewards
Models are warm
Consistency
You are capable of modelingWhat are mirror neurons? The same prefrontal corex neurons fire when you PERCEIVE a task being performed as when you DO that task.
Imitation, empathy. Who came up with the social learning theory? Albert Bandura. What were the bobo doll studies? Children who saw aggressive or non-aggressive adults playing with a toy played the same way. Does violence in the media increase violence in kids? In some kids. What does prolonged exposure to violence do? Desensitizes.

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