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History of correction in america

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Another facility of correction known as Bridewell was constructed in 1775 that was placed in New York City Hall Park although it’s the independent war interrupted its construction. New York State Legislature in 1788 enacted a law to construct another correction facility named Almshouse and named twelve commissioners to oversee the construction.
The commissioners began the department of correction in New York and they opened the first state prison in 1788 known as Greenwich State Prison. In 1817 another correction facility known as Auburn was opened which expanded in 1821 by opening a new wing.

In 1951, the institution for insane criminals was established on the Auburn prison ground. This was an idea of a group of reformers that thought they would start child savers by sending city children to live with farm families. Their idea brought about the establishment of the New York Juvenile Asylum. Almshouse Department was replaced by the New York City Department of Public Charities and Correction in 1851. The department took control of the city’s public welfare and correctional institutions.
(Whitehead, Pollock and Braswell, 2003)

Ludlow Street Jail also is known as New York Country Jail was established in 1862 and in 1863 another jail was built in Manhattan known as New York City’s Fourth District Prison. This became the 57th street jail that was part of a court complex. Another correction facility named New York City’s Seventh District Prison was established along Manhattan city’s west side in 1865.

New York City was authorized by the State Legislature to separate the Department of Public Charity and Correction in 1873. This separation brought about the Public Charities Division and the Correction Division. Society for the prevention of cruelty to children was established after the division and it prohibited the confinement of children at Almshouse.

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