- Published: August 27, 2022
- Updated: August 27, 2022
- University / College: Fordham University
- Level: Master's
- Language: English
- Downloads: 10
Humanities: Judaism the Rise of Christianity, Roman Imperial Civilization, and the Triumph of Christianity Humanities: Judaism the Rise of Christianity, Roman Imperial Civilization and the Triumph of Christianity
The Hebrews considered themselves different from other tribes especially due to their skin color. They too perceived that they had a unique genetic signature. Their identity comprised of varieties of religious beliefs and cultural practices. Because of cultural isolation and inter-marriage, which was either self-selected or imposed on the Hebrews, they considered themselves as a different “ race.” It was because of such differences that this group was treated badly in the Middle East. During crisis times such as the Black Death, Crusades, and the Protestant Reformation, the Jews were blamed by Christians for having killed Jesus and thus used that as a scapegoat when they failed to solve their issues (Lassner, 2000). Young Christians would often use the Hebrews’ exceptionality as an excuse to chase them from the streets accusing them of Christ’s death.
The differences between the achievements of the Golden Age poets are as vital as the similarities. Vergil, a Roman poet perfected Latin verse like never before and became the model for both medieval and the contemporary European writers. On the other hand, Horace wrote several satires concerning modern Roman society, as an archetypical Latin classist popularly known for balanced and witty verses. The liveliest of the Roman writers was Ovid, who came up with poems that showed both revisionist mentality and satiric bent. In general, the three poets produced the most widely read, powerful, and lasting of Rome’s poets. Of these poets, Horace wrote more on the values of Roman civilization as he was keen on social and ethical values of the Romans.
The orthodox religion had a big role to play in the Byzantine culture and religion. This religion operated closely with the worldly government to direct all aspects of life of Byzantines. It also meant independence of the Byzantines from the Rome and Roman Catholic Church, which was required as the Roman Empire, was divided leaving Byzantine Empire with new rulers (Badone, 1990).
The Orthodox Church has anthropology different from the Catholic’s. This is for the reason that the Orthodox Church has no forensic view of the Original sin. What the Catholic Church would regard as “ healthy Augustinianism” may not be right to the Orthodox authorities. However, the end of man and life after death is similar in the two churches.
Badone, E. (1990). Religious Orthodoxy and Popular Faith in European Society. New York, NY: Princeton University Press
Lassner, J. (2000). The Middle East Remembered: Forged Identities, Competing Narratives, Contested Spaces. New York, NY: University of Michigan Press.