- Published: October 31, 2021
- Updated: October 31, 2021
- University / College: The University of Texas at Arlington
- Language: English
- Downloads: 11
Markose et al. (2017) reported that automaticcanal cleaning system makes use of solar power to remove floating trashes. Thedevice is placed across the water body so that flow occurs through lower grids.Waste like plastic bottles, cans, bio-debris etc. are lifted up by usingconveyer fitted with projecting teeth.
These belts are driven by solar poweredmotors. Photovoltaic cells used are coupled with storage batteries for full dayworking. Secondary conveyer is provided to remove the trashes to the dumpingregions. Unnisa et al. (2011) statethat management of plastic waste among three key stakeholders: the producers ofthe plastics (those with high propensity of ending up as litters), theconsumers of the plastics and the appropriate authorities responsible forplastic waste management. Ferguson et al.
(2010) analyses provide clues in understanding particle fate and potentialdebris sources, and address ecological implications of pelagic plastic debris .Moore, C.J., (2008) reported that synthetic polymersare creating more threatening to all marine life.
Cole et al(2011) states that microplastics as contaminants in the marine environment andsummarise the properties, nomenclature and sources of microplastics, discussthe routes by which microplastics enter the marine environment; evaluate themethods by which microplastics are detected in the marine environment, assessspatial and temporal trends of microplastic abundance; and discuss theenvironmental impact of microplastics. Kumaret al (2016) summarise that debris characteristics, accumulation andtransport pathways along the Indian coastline it poses a serious threat tomarine organisms, ecosystems, human health and navigational safety.Quantification, assessment and monitoring of this debris along the beaches,coastal waters and on the seabed. Oigman et al (2007) assess the quantity, size,composition and abundance of marine litter. Jambeck, et al (2007), studied about systematic approach of marine debrisreduction and monitoring marine pollution. This research conducts beachsurveys and examines the types and quantity of solid waste that accumulates onshore.Singare (2012) studied and quantified three major non-biodegradable solidwastes (NBDSW) viz.
plastics, synthetic rubber and glass in the Mithi river ofMumbai. The Bandalong Litter Trap isa floating device installed at strategic locations along waterways to collectand retain floating litter, vegetation and other debris. The system operatessilently without any mechanical assistance, capturing and retaining debrisready for removal and disposal.
Bandalong Litter Traps are suitable for mostwaterways wider than 2 metres, including waterways subject to tidal action,rivers, streams, channels and open bodies of water. (http://www.bandalong.com.au/products-and-services/bandalong-litter-trap) http://stormwatersystems.
com/bandalong-litter-trap/A fresh catch of plastic waste, Versova’sKoli community and an urban design studio are figuring out how to use theplastic waste washed up on the creek shore profitably. (http://www.thehindu.com 2017) (http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/mumbai/a-fresh-catch-of-plastic-waste/article17444206.
ece)Agastya Buoyant is committed for designing and developingtrash boom for the Clean Ganga Mission drive under the Government of Indiathrough its rich technical skills acquired and resource developed. With the activities for the watersurface cleaning has already been started since January 2016 for the RiverGanga under the supervision of National Mission for Clean Ganga on differentscale using appropriate technologies, Agastya Buoyant has proudly recommendedthe necessity of trash boom for the above requirement in addition to theskimmers being deployed to enhance the efficiency of the cleaning. Upto 90% of the material sourced in India making it anindigenous product (http://www.agastyabuoyant.com/activity.html#clean).
Bangalore residents find innovative ways to save their lakes through simple mechanism called ‘trash boom’ is nowbeing used to remove weeds, water hyacinth and bring the aquatic life back toAvalahalli Lake in JP Nagar. (http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.
com/ 2017)(http://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/civic/residents-find-innovative-ways-to-save-their-lakes/articleshow/59042262.cms?)Patil et al., (2016) described about mechanicalaquatic harvester is a type of bargeused for a variety of tasks, including aquatic plant management and trashremoval in rivers, lakes, bays, and harbors.
Trash removaldevice are designed to collect and unload vegetation and debris using aconveyor system on a boom, adjustable to the appropriate cutting height, up to6 feet below the surface of the water. This innovative device wasrelated to skimmer boats, i.e., work boats for collecting and disposing offloating solid waste materials in harbors and waterways.Rafique and Langde (2017) states thatthe river cleaning machine is consists of waterwheel driven conveyer mechanismwhich collect & remove the wastage, garbage & plastic wastages fromwater bodies. This machine mainly works on the principle of belt drivemechanism which lifts the debris from the water. The main aim of the project isto automate the sewage cleaning process in drainage, to reduce the spreading ofdiseases to human.
Khalaji etal., (2010) describes different types of gross pollutant traps. Thisstudy intended to provide with a working knowledge of its GPTs for exampleremoval rates being achieved, how each GPT responds to its catchment size andprovide information on the overall cost effectiveness of each GPTs.
The expectedoutcome of this project is ability to accurately monitor, inspect and cleantheir GPTs to maximize performance and cost effectiveness and better plan forfuture GPTs.Singare(2012) studied pollution problem due to non-biodegradable solid waste (NBDSW)along the Vasai Creek of Mumbai. The quantification studies were repeated afterthe spring tide to know their accumulation in one spring tide, i.e., 15 days.The collected waste material was properly dumped in the garbage depots afterthe quantification studies were finished. He suggested that need to enforcestrict control measures against the disposal of solid waste by adopting awell-planned waste management system.
Singare,P.U. (2012) reported to quantify major non-biodegradable solid wastes viz.
plastics, synthetic rubber and glasses which are accumulated at three differentsampling stations of Ulhas River such as Ambivli, Kalyan and Dombivli. Thepredominant solid waste materials, viz. plastics, glass and synthetic rubberwere collected, washed and weighed after drying. The quantification studieswere repeated after the spring tide to know their accumulation in one springtide, i.e., 15 days.
The results are presented in kilograms per hectare. Theresults of the study indicate that the major contribution to non-biodegradablesolid waste pollution was mainly due to plastic followed by synthetic rubbermaterials. Among solid waste materials, plastic carry bags, milk and oil bagscontribute to larger extent, while among the synthetic rubber, foot wares werethe most prominent material responsible for NBDSW pollution.Slaughter (2012) reported this researchincludes mapping and spatial analysis of the variables which contribute tolitter in the Dog River Watershed using ESRI’s ArcGIS software. The study areais of the Dog River Watershed, but delineated into the aforementionedsub-watersheds. Placing a litter trap which is a strategically placed floatingdevice designed to accumulate floating litter on Eslava Creek is an effort solutionto reduce the laborious.