Essay, 5 pages (1200 words)

Session: they required to import massive (large) amount

SESSION: 02ALI HASSAN MWINYI Ali Hassan Mwinyi (born8 May 1925 in Kivure, Pwani Region, Tanzania) is a retired politician who served asthe second President of theUnited Republic of Tanzania from 1985 to 1995.Previous postsinclude Interior Minister and Vice President.

Healso was chairman of the ruling party, the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM)from 1990 to 1996.1  Ali Hassan Mwinyi 2nd President of Tanzania In office 5 November 1985 – 23 November 1995 Duringsecond session of leadership, Tanzania experienced economic problems in which agriculturalproduction was low and farmers were not produce enough food for country itself.The cash crops (tea, coffee, cotton and sisal)was falling each year resultingin shortage of foreign exchange, they required to import massive (large) amountof food from abroad when the time a country had no money to pay for it. Due to poor economic growth, infrastructurefallen to disrepair, roads had deteriorated, hospital had no drugs and schoolshad no books so led to destruct the social services. The external debt wasincrease and honorable Mwinyi sought to reach the agreementwith International Monetary Fund (IMF), after agreement socialism was abandonedand remodels the Tanzanian economy along free-market lines which lead to allowcapital flow however in slowly. Also in this session of leadership, MWINYIintroduced three years economic recovery plan (ERP) that resulted in IMFapproval of standby loan which was replaced in 1987 by three years structuraladjustment facilities.

The ERP was announced at a time when Tanzanians werelining up for the most basic food commodities, the ERP involved devaluation ofTanzania currency, raising of agricultural producers prices.  In 1986 improvement of relations withTanzania’s neighboring in which agreement with Malawi to allow the nationgreater access to the port city of Dar- es-Salaam and pledged military supportto president Chissano of Mozambique to guard the railway and fight against whatwas perceived as south Africa supported destabilizing forces.  And in 1987, reinforcement cordial relationswith neighboring Mozambique, Zimbabwe and nearby Zambia, relation withneighboring Burundi have been strained with Tanzania expelling thousands ofBurundi nations allegedly living illegally in Tanzania. InJanuary and February 1992, multi-party political system were Introduced underpressure of foreign donors, legal and constitution changes led to registrationof 11 political parties whereby two parliamentary by election in 1994 whichboth elections won by Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM) and were the first evermultiparty election in Tanzania history. In 2000 second multiparty generalelections the ruling CCM party’s candidate Benjamin W. Mkapa won by 71% ofTanzania residents and in Zanzibar presidential election, Aman Abeid Karume theson of former president  Abeid AmanKarume defeated CUF candidate Maalim Seif shariff Hamad the election weremarred by irregularities and subsequent political violence claimed.Alsoin this session liberalization of morals, believers, values (without breakinglaws) and economy were improved and referred as “everything goes” mzee rukhsa. Many argue that during thisleadership session tenure of the country was in transition from the tailedsocialist orientation of Julius Nyerere that brought its economy in to itsknees.

SESSION: 03BENJAMINI WILLIAM MKAPA                                         Mkapawas born in 1938 in Ndanda, near Masasi in southern Tanganyika.  He graduated from Makerere University inUganda in 1962 with a degree in English. He also attended Columbia Universityin 1963 and was awarded a master’s degree in international affairs.

Previousposts include being the administrative officer in Dodoma and the Minister forScience, Technology and Higher Education. He also led the Tanzania mission toCanada in 1982 and to the United States from 1983 to 1984. He was the Ministerof Foreign Affairs from 1977 to 1980 and again from 1984 to 1990. Benjamin Mkapa 3rd President of Tanzania In office 23 November 1995 – 21 December 2005                                                  In1995, Mkapa was elected as President based on a popular anti-corruptioncampaign and the strong support of former president Julius Nyerere .

Mkapa’santi-corruption efforts included creation of an open forum called thePresidential Commission on Corruption (Warioba Commission) and increasedsupport for the Prevention of Corruption Bureau. Mkapa’ssecond five-year term of office as President ended in December 2005. Duringthis term in office, Mkapa privatized state-owned corporations and institutedfree market policies.

His supportersargued that attracting foreign investment would promote economic growth. Hispolicies won the support of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund andresulted in the cancellation of some of Tanzania’s foreign debts. Hehas been criticized for some ineffectiveness of his anti-corruption efforts aswell as for his lavish spending. He spent £15 million on a private presidentialjet, as well as almost £30 million on military aviation equipment which expertsdeemed beyond the limited needs of the country’s armed forces.Itwas over the latter purchase that British International Development SecretaryClare Short expressed public outrage, resulting in her becoming known as ‘MamaRadar’ in the Tanzanian press.

Havingleft office due to a two-term limit, Mkapa is dogged by many accusations ofcorruption among them improperly appropriating to himself and his formerfinance Minister Daniel Yona the lucrative “Kiwira Coal Mine” in thesouthern highlands of Tanzania without following procedures. Byprivatizing the Kiwira Coal Mine to himself, he broke the Tanzanianconstitution, which does not allow a president to do business at the statehouse.Heserved as a Trustee of Aga Khan University from November 2007 until 2012.2Onthe side of political it was still growing slowly but he used dictatorship onhis ruling the democracy was there because they used free and fear electionsbut he was one who had the final say ,the leaders they did what he decided dueto his dictatorship forces on the auctions.

Dueto his slogan policy which stated that “mkukuta na kilimo” his aimswas to fight against poverty and he enforced people (citizens) to engage inagricultural activities so that people to fully fill the basic needs and toavoid corruption to engage in investments and so on. SESSION:04 JAKAYA MRISHO KIKWETE;Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete (born7 October 1951) was the fourth President of Tanzania, in office from 2005 to 2015. Prior to his election asPresident, he was the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1995 to 2005 under his predecessor, Benjamin Mkapa. He has also served as the Chairperson ofthe AfricanUnion in 2008–2009 and the Chairmanof the Southern African Development CommunityTroika on Peace, Defence and Security in 2012–2013.3  Jakaya Kikwete 4th President of Tanzania In office 21 December 2005 – 5 November 2015  JakayaMrisho Kikwete started his session from 2005 to 2010 then again from 2010 to2015 and the system he used is capitalism on ruling our nation where byeverybody own their property accordingly Politicalsituation during Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete session influenced by various factorssuch as economic situation, social situation as well as democracy of Tanzania.Also there are some political events take place during Kikwete session and alsocontribute to the various development stages during this session as categorizedin various factors as follows:-EconomicallyDuringKikwete session Tanzania developed to the middle economy due to the variouspolitical slogans and policies formulated.

Programs and project implementationwith promoted social economic growth, create jobs, increases people incomes,eradicate poverty and enable people to live a decent life.Thereis improvement in political, ethical of democratically as well as human rightthrough political process.DuringKikwete session Tanzania develop objective for our development vision to 2025launched in the year 2000. In 2010 we concerned year’s long term perspectiveplan which is divided into three medium term plans of five years each. Thepurposes of doing so are to guide the implementation of the objective of thevision in a structured manner for the reaming 15 years.

Thevision is informed and cognizant of the need for the economy to grow at fastpace, develop human capital, increases people across to basic social andeconomic resources, reduce income poverty and create a conducive environmentfor growth of the productive services sectors. Also sound environmentalmanagement policies and practices have been emphasized good governance,democracy; human right and rule of law have been underscored in the vision aswell.Alsounder Kikwete session the economic development was emphasized throughagriculture productivity through the slogan as KILIMO KWANZA and throughgroup’s cultivation.1 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ali_Hassan_Mwinyi2 htpps;//en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/BenjaminWilliam Mkapa3 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jakaya_Kikwete

Thanks for your opinion!
Session: they required to import massive (large) amount. Page 1
Session: they required to import massive (large) amount. Page 2
Session: they required to import massive (large) amount. Page 3
Session: they required to import massive (large) amount. Page 4
Session: they required to import massive (large) amount. Page 5
Session: they required to import massive (large) amount. Page 6
Session: they required to import massive (large) amount. Page 7

Your fellow student wrote and submitted this work, "Session: they required to import massive (large) amount". This sample can be used for research and reference in order to help you write your own paper. It is prohibited to utilize any part of the work without a valid citation.

If you own this paper and don't want it to be published on EduFrogs.com, you can ask for it to be taken down.

Ask for Removal
Cite this Essay


EduFrogs. (2021) 'Session: they required to import massive (large) amount'. 31 October.


EduFrogs. (2021, October 31). Session: they required to import massive (large) amount. Retrieved from https://edufrogs.com/session-they-required-to-import-massive-large-amount/


EduFrogs. 2021. "Session: they required to import massive (large) amount." October 31, 2021. https://edufrogs.com/session-they-required-to-import-massive-large-amount/.

1. EduFrogs. "Session: they required to import massive (large) amount." October 31, 2021. https://edufrogs.com/session-they-required-to-import-massive-large-amount/.


EduFrogs. "Session: they required to import massive (large) amount." October 31, 2021. https://edufrogs.com/session-they-required-to-import-massive-large-amount/.

Work Cited

"Session: they required to import massive (large) amount." EduFrogs, 31 Oct. 2021, edufrogs.com/session-they-required-to-import-massive-large-amount/.

Get in Touch with Us

If you have ideas on how to improve Session: they required to import massive (large) amount, feel free to contact our team. Use the following email to reach to us: [email protected]