- Published: November 15, 2022
- Updated: November 15, 2022
- Language: English
- Downloads: 35
The Ongoing Human Mistake Mahatma Gandhi once said: ??? Be the change that you wish to see in the world???. This famous quote well represents a theme often evident? in literature. Whether the characters in the stories succeed or fail in making a change, the reader is able to infer that the literature is challenging the existing standards. When stories challenge the ??? things as they are??™ there are positive changes to the society and in the characters themselves. The short story ??? Dinner Party??? challenges the circumstances at that time, with the hostess of the party trying to prove women inequality wrong. The story ??? The Lottery??? was following the status, however; the consequences of said make it obvious to the reader why change is needed.
Lastly, ??? A Man Who Had No Eyes??? was able to prove that by overcoming the accepted standards for the blind Mr. Parsons was able to meet success within him and the readers themselves were endorsing the status quo.? The ??? Dinner Party??? written by Alona Gardner challenges the status quo of women being treated unfairly and less valued than men. To introduce, a young girl in the story argues with a colonel on the passing of the ??? jumping-on-a-chair-at-the-sight-of-a-mouse era??? (Gardner 1). The quote in reality represents how women are in need of the protection of men, thus unjustly treated by them. The young girl??™s argument shows she does not believe in this assumption and that change is near. This argument would not be too surprising to see today, however; the story is set in India around the 18th century and going up against a man in this time is uncommon and takes a strong incentive. To further extend on the author??™s message, the hostess of the party lays bait with intention to stop an intruding snake, later on, it is revealed that she discovered the snake because she had felt it on her legs.
This part of the story is ironic to the arguing colonel since this woman had literally felt the snake and still kept calm. This irony portrays how the colonel was wrong, that women are able to and can overthrow the status quo. These circumstances that once existed may seem absurd and stereotyped today. This proves that today, there may be bizarre standards but go on unnoticed. These aspects are well represented in the next story. The story ??? The Lottery??? written by Shirley Jackson reveals the idiocy of status quos and why some people endorse it. To begin, the stoning of Tessie Hutchinson is unintelligent and easily shows why this tradition had to be overthrown. For any person today when reading the title ??? The Lottery??? people think of a winner of money or a beneficial prize.
We are surprised to see such a twist at the end of the story and as a result the unusualness is emphasized. Just like the dinner party, women inequality is also shown in this story. Men are considered the head of family and draw on behalf of their family. This small part to the story may be used to represent a troublesome status quo while the story was being written.
Shirley Jackson may have wanted the women inequality to be eliminated in reality but used the lottery as an example of an illogical standard. The character Old Man Warner is crucial in understanding why this village has kept the tradition and why there is no logic to it. The village continues with the tradition because their ancestors have done it for years. When there is mention of other villages getting rid of the lottery, Old Man Warner replies with ??? Pack of crazy fools??¦. There??™s always been a lottery??? (Jackson 14). It??™s as if overthrowing this tradition would disappoint Old Man Warner. This confirms that some irrational status quos or ??? traditions??? are carried through generations unnoticed.
The last example of overcoming existing standards was well illustrated in ??? A Man Who Had No Eyes???. The blind Mr. Parsons was able to go beyond what was expected from him. He was described as a successful man wearing an ??? immaculate grey suit and grey hat and Malacca stick???(Kantor 2), meant to emphasize his wealth and health.
Mr. Parsons success would not be accented without Markwardt; the failing blind character. Markwardt stuck with the status quo of not being able to do much without vision. This resulted in Markwardt being described as ??? shaggy??¦greasy??¦ a blind beggar???(Kantor 1), and even dishonest. The unexpected twist towards the end of the story not only demonstrates Markwardt??™s dishonesty; it also helps the readers catch themselves endorsing the status quo for blinds.
At first, the reader accepts that Markwardt is unsuccessful in life because of his blindness. Then the reader is introduced to Mr. Parsons but has no idea of his disability, so assumes he is successful because of an average person??™s hard work.
When Mr. Parson??™s reply to Markwardt??™s commotion about being blind and putting blame on Mr. Parsons is ??? Don??™t make such a row about it, Markwardt ??¦ so am I.
??? The reader??™s shock and surprise is enough to say that the reader would never expect Mr. Parsons to be blind. Because of how the status quo influences the society today there are such assumptions. As evident throughout literature, authors directly or indirectly address the illogical and current standards.
The authors persuade readers that the status quo? must be overthrown to advance and do this by showing the benefits from overcoming the status quo and the drawbacks from sticking with it.? As mentioned, Gandhi had a similar point of view; it is clear that many other famous scientists, leaders and other historical people believe the same. Albert Einstein, a man known to have made huge advancements in modern science once stated, ??? He who joyfully marches in rank and file has already earned my contempt.
He has been given a large brain by mistake, since for him the spinal cord would suffice.???